The side effects from steroids
can be very serious and even fatal. But from the
information we gathered in the past few years, it seems
to me the side effects are not as serious as the media
makes them out to be. Because of the media over
exaggerating the side effects, this has turned many
people way from steroids. There will only be short
descriptions for the side effects now, and in the future
we will add more to the side effects when we have time.
This is most common from using steroids. It is a
puffiness or swelling in the neck and facial
areas. It is rather notable mainly if you know the person
is on steroids. For example, we know someone that took
steroids but we did not know it at the time. After we
found out, if we looked his face we would wonder how we
couldnt notice he was on roids before. It can be
mild swelling or very serious, obvious swelling.
Everyone knows about acne, and is one of the
side effects we worry about the most for us. It is also a
very common side effect, it can give acne to someone who
has never had acne, and it can make acne worse for others.
It can also appear in new places for a person, such as,
the back and neck. There have been several users that
have not received acne on the other hand.
It may not sound familiar but most people have
heard about it. It is the formation of breasts, or
abnormally large glands. The first signs are lumps under
the nipples, then will gradually grow to fatty tissue and
increase in size.
Aggression, also know as roid rages.
Surprisingly, several athletes feel this is a positive
effect. They often find they lift more, and are more
intense during workouts. On the negative side, users find
themselves fighting with family, friends, and co-workers
with an uptight behavior.
High blood pressure is also a chance when taking
steroids. Most athletes would not know if they had high
blood pressure so it is suggested to get tests regularly.
High blood pressure can lead to many more serious
Studies have shown that steroid use is a risk factor for
heart disease. This is because steroids affect the
cholesterol levels. Over a period of time the cholesterol
builds up and clogs the arteries.
Heart palpitations have been reported by a number of
athletes on steroids. These may indicate an excited or
elevated level of the central nervous system.
Impotence occurs when a user goes on and off steroids.
When steroids are first used sexual interest increases
because of the heightened frequency and duration of the
erections. But eventually the opposite happens and no
erections can be produced.
A serious liver disease, which is found by an
enlarged painful liver, yellowing of the eyes and skin,
and flu like symptoms. This happens when athletes use
high dosages of steroids.
Here are some more
possible side effects from:
Irritation of the stomach lining. Steroids can increase
the production of stomach acid and lower the production
of protective stomach mucus. This can irritate the lining
of the stomach and may cause or aggravate a stomach ulcer.
To reduce this side effect the tablets should be taken
with meals or milk. Tell your doctor if you have
indigestion, stomach pains or abdominal discomfort.
The levels of sugar in your blood may change temporarily.
This may happen if you have high-dose or long-term
treatment. While you are having your steroid therapy your
blood sugar levels will be checked regularly by blood
tests. You may be asked to test your urine for sugar. You
will be shown how to do this. Tell your doctor if you get
very thirsty or if you are passing more urine than usual.
Fluid retention due to changed salt and water balance.
You may notice that your ankles and/or fingers swell.
Some people have a bloated feeling in the abdomen. This
is usually only a problem with long-term treatment.
Increased appetite. You may notice that you feel hungrier
than usual while taking steroids, and this can make you
want to eat more than usual. If you are concerned about
weight gain speak to your doctor or contact Cancer BACUPs
Increased chance of infection and delayed healing of
injuries. This happens mainly with high-dose or long-term
treatment. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of
infection (inflammation, redness, soreness or a
temperature) or if cuts take longer than usual to heal.
It is important to maintain good personal hygiene to
Menstrual changes. Women may find that their periods
become irregular or stop.
Behavioral changes. You may notice mood swings,
difficulty in sleeping and perhaps anxiety or
irritability. These happen mainly with high-dose or long-term
treatment and will stop when the steroid therapy ends.
Tell your doctor about any behavioral changes which are
worrying you. Difficulty in sleeping may be reduced by
taking the steroids in the early part of the day, but
discuss this with your doctor first.
Less common side effects
Eye changes. With long-term use of steroids, cataracts or
glaucoma may develop. There is also an increased risk of
eye infections. Tell your doctor if you notice any eye
Cushing's syndrome. This is usually caused only by long-term
use of steroids. It can cause acne, puffiness of the face,
dark marks on the skin and facial hair in women. Cushing's syndrome can be partially reduced by taking the steroids
early in the morning, by taking them on alternate days
instead of every day, or by reducing the dose, but
discuss this with your doctor first.
Muscle wasting. With very long-term use of steroids,
wasting of leg muscles may occur. This can cause weakness.
When the steroids are stopped some people experience
muscle cramps for a short time.
Osteoporosis. With very long-term use of steroids,
calcium may be lost from the bones. This can result in
pain (especially in the lower back), an increased
susceptibility to fractures and loss of height.
Other side effects include: enlarged prostate, premature
hair loss, sterility, shortness, and head and stomach
aches. Please e-mail us if you know any more important
side effects we missed, thank you.